Overview

This course is an intensive introduction to VMware vSphere™ including VMware ESX™ 6.5 and vCenter™. This class is unique in its approach; which is to identify and eliminate common IT pain points using vSphere. Students learn how to deliver business value; not just the technical or mechanical aspects of the software.

 

By the end of the class, attendees will have learned the skills, and best practices of virtualization. Attendees will be able to design, implement, deploy, configure, monitor, manage and troubleshoot vSphere 6.5.

 

Objectives

At the end of the course, attendees will be able to:

  • Explain the many significant benefits of virtualization.
  • Install ESXi Server according to best practices.
  • Upgrade and use Host Client to manage stand alone ESXi hosts.
  • Configure and manage local storage resources.
  • Create virtual and virtual to physical network configurations.
  • Define and use file share (NAS / NFS) datastores.
  • Create virtual machines, install operating systems and applications.
  • Install, configure and upgrade VMware Tools.
  • Install, configure and update the Platform Service Controller and vCenter Server Appliance.
  • Rapidly deployment of VMs using golden-master templates.
  • Create clones – one-time copies of virtual machine.
  • Use Guest OS customization to rapidly configure new VMs according to requirements.
  • Configure and use hotplug hardware including hot-add vCPUs and Memory.
  • Configure, manage, monitor and secure users and groups.
  • Understand the benefits and trade offs of network attached storage and Fibre, iSCSI SANs.
  • Configure and use shared SAN storage including Fibre SAN, iSCSI SAN.
  • Add and grow virtual disks including system disks and secondary volumes.
  • Use vCenter alarms to monitor ESXi, VM, storage and network health, performance, state.
  • Use Resource Pools to bulk delegate resource to meet Service Level Agreements.
  • Perform VM cold migrations, hot VMotion migrations and Storage VMotion.
  • Configure and manage server CPU and Memory capacity and maintain VM responsiveness with Distributed Resource Schedule load balanced clusters.
  • Deliver high VM service availability using VMware High Availability clusters.
  • Use HA to successfully minimize VM down time caused by ESXi host failures, storage network failures or SAN volume failures.
  • Implement a disaster recovery strategy using VMware Replication.
  • Use vSphere Replication to hot replicate and recover business critical Virtual Machines.
  • Patch and update ESXi servers using vCenter Update Manager.
  • Monitor and tune both ESXi and virtual machine performance.
  • Understand how VMware and third party products, including operating systems, are impacted by virtualization.
  • Troubleshoot common problems.

 

Audience

This class is suitable for anyone who want to learn how to extract the maximum benefit from their investment in Virtual Infrastructure, including:

  • System architects or others who need to design virtual infrastructure.
  • Security specialists responsible for administering, managing, securing Virtual Infrastructure.
  • Operators responsible for day-to-day operation of Virtual Infrastructure.
  • Performance analysts who need to understand, provision, monitor Virtual Infrastructure.
  • Business Continuity specialists responsible for disaster recovery and high availability.
  • Storage administrators who work with Fibre / iSCSI SAN volumes and NAS datastores.
  • Managers who need an unbiased understanding of virtualization before committing their organization to a virtual infrastructure deployment.

 

Prerequisites

Attendees should have user, operator or administrator experience on common operating systems such as Microsoft Windows®, Linux™, UNIX™, etc. Experience installing, configuring and managing operating systems, storage systems and or networks is useful but not required. We assume that all attendees have a basic familiarity with PC server hardware, disk partitioning, IP addressing, O/S installation, networking, etc.

 

Outline

Module 1: Virtualization Infrastructure Overview

  • Virtualization explained
  • How VMware virtualization compares to traditional PC deployments
  • Common pain points in PC Server management
  • How virtualization effectively addresses common IT issues
  • VMware vSphere software products
  • What’s New and Improved in vSphere 65

 

Module 2: How to Install, Configure ESXi 65

  • Understanding ESXi
  • Selecting, validating and preparing your server
  • Storage controllers, disks and partitions
  • Software installation and best practices
  • Join ESXi to a Domain
  • Local User Management and Policies
  • First look at the VMware vSphere Client and VMware Host Client

 

Module 3: Virtual and Physical Networking

  • vNetwork standard and distributed virtual Switches
  • Virtual Switches, Ports and Port Groups
  • Creating VMkernel ports
  • Creating, sizing and customizing Virtual Switches

 

Module 4: Connecting to and Using NAS Shared Storage

  • Benefits Shared Storage offer to Virtual Infrastructure
  • NFS Overview
  • Configuring ESX to use NFS Shares
  • Configuring NFS for performance and redundancy
  • NFS Use Cases
  • Troubleshooting NFS connections

 

Module 5: Virtual Hardware and Virtual Machines

  • VM virtual hardware, options and limits
  • Sizing and creating a new VM
  • Assigning, modifying and removing Virtual Hardware
  • Working with a VM’s BIOS
  • VMware remote console applications
  • Installing an OS into a VM
  • Driver installation and customization

 

Module 6: vCenter Server Appliance and Web Client

  • The need for Identity Source management
  • Installing and configuring vCenter Server Appliance with an embedded Platform Service Controller
  • Connecting Single Sign On (SSO) to Active Directory and other identity sources
  • vCenter feature overview and components
  • Organizing vCenter’s inventory views
  • Importing ESX hosts into vCenter management
  • Administering vCenter Server with Web Client

 

Module 7: VM Rapid Deployment using Templates, Clones

  • Templates: Virtual Machine Golden Master images
  • Creating, modifying, updating and working with Templates
  • Patching, and refreshing Templates
  • Cloning, one time copies of VMs
  • Best practices for cloning and templating
  • Adding and resizing virtual disks
  • Hotplug VM virtual CPUs and Memory

 

Module 8: ESXi and vCenter Permission Model

  • VMware Security model
  • Configuring local users and groups
  • Managing local permissions
  • vCenter security model
  • Local, Domain and Active Directory users and groups
  • How permissions are applied

 

Module 9: Using Fibre and iSCSI Shared Storage

  • Fibre SAN overview
  • Identifying and using Fibre Host Bus Adapters
  • Scanning and Rescanning Fibre SANs
  • iSCSI overview
  • Virtual and physical iSCSI adapters
  • Connecting to iSCSI storage
  • Scanning and rescanning iSCSI SANS
  • Performance and redundancy considerations and best practices
  • Understanding the benefits of VMware VAAI compliant storage

 

Module 10: VMware File System (VMFS)

  • Unique file system properties of VMFS
  • Managing shared Volumes
  • Creating new VMFS partitions
  • Introduction to VMFS 6 features and capabilities
  • Managing VMFS capacity with LUN spanning and LUN expansion
  • Native and 3rd party Multipathing with Fibre and iSCSI SANs
  • VMFS performance considerations
  • VMFS scalability and reliability

 

Module 11: Infrastructure Monitoring with vCenter Alarms

  • Alarm categories and definitions
  • Creating custom alarms and actions
  • Configure vCenter so it can send E-mail and SNMP alerts
  • Reviewing alarms and acknowledging them
  • Work with alarm conditions, triggers and actions
  • Identify most useful alarms to review and enable

 

Module 12: Resource Management and Resource Pools

  • Delegate resources in bulk using Resource Pools
  • How ESX delivers resources to VMs
  • Shares, Reservations and Limits
  • CPU resource scheduling
  • Memory resource scheduling
  • Resource Pools

 

Module 13: VMotion Migration, Cold Migration, Storage VMotion

  • Cold VM migrations to new ESX hosts, datastores
  • Hot Migrations with VMotion
  • VMotion requirements and dependencies
  • How VMotion works: detailed explanation
  • Troubleshooting VMotion
  • How to test hosts for VMotion compatibility
  • Storage VMotion for hot VM disk migrations

 

Module 14: Distributed Resource Scheduling Clusters

  • CPU and Memory resource balanced clusters with VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler
  • DRS Cluster configuration and tuning
  • Per-VM cluster policy overrides
  • Learn the features and benefits of DRS Power Management

 

Module 15: Failure Recovery with High Availability Clusters

  • High Availability options to minimize unplanned down time
  • How VMware HA protects against ESXi host, storage network and SAN volume failures
  • Understand and review HA’s many policies
  • Introduction to VMware Fault Tolerance

 

Module 16: Disaster Preparedness with vSphere Replication

  • Explain vSphere Replication features and Use Cases
  • Import the vSphere Replication virtual appliance
  • Configure vSphere Replication including Recovery Point Objectives (RPOs)
  • Enable vSphere Replication on a VM
  • Recover a VM using vSphere Replication

 

Module 17: Patch Management with VMware Update Manager

  • Configure and enable VMware Update Manager
  • Establishing a patch baseline
  • Verifying compliance and patching ESXi hosts

 

Module 18: Managing Scalability and Performance

  • VMkernel CPU and memory resource management mechanisms
  • Tuning VM storage I/O performance
  • Identifying and resolving resource contention
  • Monitoring VM and ESX host performance
  • Performance and capacity planning strategies

 

Module 19: Final Thoughts

  • Consolidation guidelines for VMs and Storage
  • Determining which workloads to consolidate
  • Other considerations

 

Related Certification

  • Certified Virtualization Professional (Exam CVP1-111 and CVP2-111)